Golkonda, otherwise called Golconda, Gol Konda ("Round formed slope"), or Golla Konda, (Shepherd's Hill) is a stronghold and fortress in Southern India and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi tradition (c. 1512– 1687), is arranged 11 km west of Hyderabad. It is likewise a tehsil of Hyderabad area, Telangana, India. The locale is known for the mines that have delivered a portion of the world's most celebrated jewels, including the Koh-I-Noor, the Hope Diamond, Nassak Diamond and the Noor-UL-Ain.
Golkonda was initially known as Mankal.Golkonda Fort was first worked by the Kakatiyas as a feature of their western resistances along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. The city and the fortification were based on a rock slope that is 120 meters high, encompassed by monstrous parapets. The stronghold was remade and fortified by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra.Later, the post went under the control of the Musunuri Nayaks, who vanquished the Tughlaqi armed force involving Warangal.It was surrendered by the Masonry Kapaya Bhupathi to the Bahmani Sultanate as a major aspect of an arrangement in 1364.
Under the Bahmani Sultanate, Golkonda gradually rose to noticeable quality. Sultan Quli Qutb-UL-Mulk, sent as a legislative leader of Telangana, built up it as the seat of his legislature around 1501. Bahmani rule slowly debilitated amid this period, and Sultan Quli finally ended up free at 1538, setting up the Qutb Shahi tradition, situated in Golkonda. Over a time of 62 years, the mud fortress were extended by the initial three Qutb Shahi sultans into the present structure, a monstrous stronghold of rock reaching out around 5 km in boundary.It remained the capital of the Qutb Shahi administration until 1590 when the capital was moved to Hyderabad. The Qutb Shahis extended the stronghold, whose 7 km external divider encased the city.
The stronghold at last fell into demolishing in 1687, following an eight-month-long attack prompted its fall on account of the Mughal sovereign Aurangzeb.
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