Golkonda, otherwise called Golconda is a fortress and post in Southern India and was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi administration , is arranged 11 km west of Hyderabad. It is additionally a tehsil of Hyderabad locale, Telangana, India. The locale is known for the mines that have delivered a portion of the world's most celebrated pearls, including the Koh-I-Noor, the Hope Diamond, Nassak Diamond and the Noor-ul-Ain.
Golkonda was initially known as Mankal.Golkonda Fort was first worked by the Kakatiyas as a major aspect of their western guards along the lines of the Kondapalli Fort. The city and the fortification were based on a rock slope that is 120 meters high, encompassed by enormous parapets. The stronghold was modified and reinforced by Rani Rudrama Devi and her successor Prataparudra.Later, the fortification went under the control of the Musunuri Nayaks, who vanquished the Tughlaqi armed force possessing Warangal.It was surrendered by the Musunuri Kapaya Bhupathi to the Bahmani Sultanate as a feature of a settlement in 1364.
Under the Bahmani Sultanate, Golkonda gradually rose to unmistakable quality. Sultan Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk,sent as a legislative head of Telangana, built up it as the seat of his administration around 1501. Bahmani rule continuously debilitated amid this period, and Sultan Quli formally wound up free in 1538, building up the Qutb Shahi line situated in Golkonda.Over a time of 62 years, the mud stronghold was extended by the initial three Qutb Shahi sultans into the present structure, a huge fortress of rock reaching out around 5 km in outline. It remained the capital of the Qutb Shahi line until 1590 when the capital was moved to Hyderabad. The Qutb Shahis extended the post, whose 7 km external divider encased the city.
The post at last fell into destroy in 1687, following an eight-month-long attack prompted its fall on account of the Mughal sovereign Aurangzeb.
The Fort :
The Golkonda post is recorded as an archeological fortune on the official "Rundown of Monuments" arranged by the Archeological Survey of India under The Ancient Monuments and Archeological Sites and Remains Act.Golkonda really comprises of four particular strongholds with a 10 km long external divider with 87 crescent bastions,eight entryways, and four drawbridges, with various regal lofts and lobbies, sanctuaries, mosques, magazines, stables, and so forth inside. The most minimal of these is the peripheral walled in area into which we enter by the "Fateh Darwaza" close to the south-eastern corner. An acoustic impact can be experienced at Fateh Darwazaan, normal for the building wonders about Golkonda. A hand applaud at one point beneath the arch at the passageway resounds and can be heard obviously at the 'Bala Hisar' structure, the most noteworthy point very nearly a kilometer away. This filled in as a notice note to the Royals if there should be an occurrence of an assault.
The entire of the Golkonda Fort complex and its encompassing spreads crosswise over 11 km of all out region and finding its each niche is a difficult undertaking. A visit to the fortress uncovers the design magnificence in a considerable lot of the structures, doors, passageways, and arches. Isolated into four area strongholds, the design valor still sparkles in every one of the lofts, corridors, sanctuaries, mosques, and even stables. The smooth greenhouses of the fortress may have lost their scent, for which they were known 400 years prior, yet a stroll in these previous patio nurseries ought to be in your timetable while investigating the past wonders of Golkonda Fort.
Bala Hissar Gate is the principle access to the post situated on the eastern side. It has a pointed curve flanked by columns of parchment work. The spandrels have yalis and enhanced roundels. The zone over the entryway has peacocks with lavish tails flanking a fancy angled specialty. The rock square lintel underneath has etched yalis flanking a circle. The structure of peacocks and lions is average of Hindu design and underlies this current post's Hindu causes.
Toli Masjid, arranged at Karwan, around 2 km from the Golkonda fortification, was worked in 1671 by Mir Musa Khan Mahaldar, imperial draftsman of Abdullah Qutb Shah. The exterior comprises of five curves, each with lotus emblems in the spandrels. The focal curve is marginally more extensive and increasingly fancy. The mosque inside is isolated into two corridors, a transverse external lobby and an inward corridor entered through triple curves.
Much idea went into building this entryway. A couple of feet before the entryway is an extensive divider. This kept elephants and warriors from having a legitimate incline to run and break the entryway.
The post of Golkonda is known for its otherworldly acoustic framework. The most elevated purpose of the fortification is the "Bala Hissar", which is found a kilometer away. The royal residences, manufacturing plants, water supply framework and the well known "Rahban" gun, inside the fortress are a portion of the real attractions.
It is trusted that there is a mystery underground passage that leads from the "Durbar Hall" and finishes in one of the castles at the foot of the slope. The post likewise contains the tombs of the Qutub Shahi rulers. These tombs have Islamic engineering and are situated around 1 km north of the external mass of Golkonda. They are enclosed by delightful patio nurseries and various dazzlingly cut stones. It is likewise trusted that there was a mystery passage to Charminar.
The two individual structures on the external side of Golkonda are likewise significant attractions of the stronghold. It is based on a point which is very rough. The "Kala Mandir" is likewise situated in the fortress. It very well may be seen from the lord's durbar which was over the Golkonda Fort.
The other buildings found inside the fort are :
Habshi Kamans,Ashlah Khana, Taramati mosque, Ramadas Bandikhana, Camel steady, private chambers (kilwat), Mortuary shower, Nagina bagh, Ramasasa's kotha, Durbar corridor, Ambar khana and so on.
This magnificent structure has excellent castles and a quick water supply framework. Tragically, the exceptional engineering of the fortification is currently losing its appeal.
The ventilation of the post is totally impressive having outlandish structures. They were so complicatedly planned that cool wind could achieve the insides of the fortress, giving a reprieve from the warmth of summer.
The Huge doors of the stronghold are brightened with extensive pointed iron spikes. These spikes kept elephants from harming the stronghold. The fortress of Golkonda is enclosed by a 11 km external divider. This was worked so as to sustain the fortress.