Secunderabad is the twin city of Hyderabad situated in the Indian province of Telangana. Named after Sikandar Jah, the third Nizam of the Asaf Jahi line, Secunderabad was set up in 1806 as a British cantonment. Albeit both the urban areas are as one alluded to as the twin urban areas, Hyderabad and Secunderabad have distinctive narratives and societies, with Secunderabad having grown straightforwardly under British guideline until 1948, and Hyderabad as the capital of the Nizams' august territory of Hyderabad.
Geologically isolated from Hyderabad by the Hussain Sagar lake, Secunderabad has been never again a different city unit and has moved toward becoming a piece of Hyderabad's Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC). The two urban areas are on the whole known as Hyderabad and together from the fifth-biggest city in India. Being one of the biggest cantonments in India, Secunderabad has a substantial nearness of armed force and flying corps staff.
Following the disintegration of the Chalukya realm into four sections in the eleventh century, the zones around the present day Hyderabad and Secunderabad went under the control of the Kakatiya administration (1158– 1310), whose seat of intensity was at Warangal, 148 km (92 mi) upper east of current Hyderabad.
Secunderabad is likewise the site where the then Moghul sovereign Ahmad Shah Bahadur was vanquished in the year 1754 by the Maratha Confederacy; the head landed after the demise of a Nawab Anwaruddin Khan close-by at the Battle of Ambur in 1749.
The zone around Secunderbad changed hands between different rulers, and the sun was a piece of Nizam's Hyderabad of the eighteenth century.
Present day Secunderabad was established as a British cantonment after Nizam Asaf Jah II was vanquished because of the British East India Company. He was then compelled to sign the 1798 Treaty of Subsidiary Alliance so as to pick up the help of the British troops stayed outdoors in tents in the open regions of the town Ulwul, northeast of Hussain Sagar, the lake that isolates Secunderabad from its twin city Hyderabad. Afterward, in 1803, Nizam Sikandar Jah, the third Nizam of Hyderabad, renamed Ulwul as Secunderabad after himself.The city was shaped in 1806, after the request was marked by the Nizam assigning the land north of Hussain Sagar to set up the British Cantonment.
The twin urban areas are isolated from the man-made Hussain Sagar lake, which was worked amid the reign of the Qutb Shahi line in the sixteenth century. In contrast to Hyderabad, the official dialect of Secunderabad was English. Secunderabad was exempted from the traditions obligation on imported merchandise, subsequently making exchange entirely productive. Different new markets, for example, Regimental Bazaar and General Bazaar were made. After the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, the development of a 7-meter-high divider was begun at Trimulgherry and finished in 1867.
Secunderabad Railway Station, one of the biggest in India and the zonal home office of South Central Railway was built up in 1874. The King Edward Memorial Hospital, presently known as Gandhi Hospital, was set up in 1851. A common correctional facility (presently a legacy building known as Old Jail complex close Monda Market) was additionally established.Originally developed in 1860 as the nation place of the British Resident in Hyderabad, the Residency House is currently known as the Rashtrapati Nilayam, the official withdraw of the Sir Winston Churchill, the head administrator of the United Kingdom amid World War II, was posted in Secunderabad amid the 1890s as a subaltern in the British Army.Sir Ronald Ross directed his underlying examination on the reason for intestinal sickness in the city of Secunderabad. The unique building is today called the Sir Ronald Ross Institute and is situated on Minister Road.
Secunderabad Municipality was first shaped in 1945. Later in 1950, alongside Hyderabad Municipality, it was moved up to the Secunderabad Municipal Corporation under the Hyderabad Corporation Act, 1950. In 1960, by the Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act of 1955, the Secunderabad Municipal Corporation was converted with the Hyderabad Corporation to shape a solitary metropolitan corporation. Today Secunderabad is a piece of the Hyderabad region.
Post-Independence, the Secunderabad Cantonment Board went under the purview of the Indian Armed powers. Thus, vast military units were set up. The prominent neighborhoods in Secunderabad are Paradise Circle, Trimulgherry, Jawaharnagar province, Marredpally, Jeera, General Bazar, Sitaphalmandi, Kharkhana, Ranigunj, and New Bhoiguda. [according to whom?] Begumpet Airport is near Secunderabad and served the twin city until mid 2008.